XHTML, or Extensible Hypertext Markup Language, is a web development language that combines the flexibility of HTML with the strict syntax of XML. It plays a crucial role in creating well-structured and standards-compliant web pages. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore various XHTML tags and how they contribute to building a solid foundation for web content.

1. The Basics of XHTML:

XHTML, as an evolution of HTML, follows a stricter set of rules. It demands well-formed documents and adherence to XML standards. The fundamental structure of an XHTML document involves the declaration, the opening and closing HTML tags, and the head and body sections.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
  <!-- Head content goes here -->
  <!-- Body content goes here -->

2. Document Structure Tags:


Defines the root of an HTML or XHTML document.


Contains meta-information about the document, such as title, character set, and linked stylesheets.


Encloses the content of the document, including text, images, links, and other elements.

3. Text Formatting Tags:


Defines a paragraph.

<h1> to <h6>:

Headings of varying levels, where <h1> is the highest and <h6> is the lowest.

<strong> and <em>:

Used for strong and emphasized text, respectively.

4. List Tags:

<ul> and <ol>:

Create unordered and ordered lists, respectively.


Represents list items within <ul> or <ol>.


Defines a hyperlink, linking to another document or resource.


Embeds an image in the document, specifying its source with the src attribute.

6. Form Tags:


Encloses form elements, allowing users to input data.

<input>, <select>, <textarea>:

Various form elements for text input, dropdowns, and text areas.

7. Semantic Tags:

<div> and <span>:

Generic containers used for styling and layout.

<strong> and <em>:

Carry semantic meaning for strong importance and emphasis.


Mastering XHTML tags is fundamental to creating well-structured and semantically meaningful web content. By following the principles of XHTML, developers ensure cross-browser compatibility and lay the groundwork for future web standards. As you delve into the world of web development, understanding and leveraging XHTML tags will empower you to build robust, accessible, and user-friendly websites. Explore further, experiment, and let XHTML be your guide to crafting the next generation of web experiences.

Source: https://webfulnet.com/

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