A new technical paper titled “Solid-State Electrochemical Thermal Transistors” was published by researchers at Hokkaido University, Pusan National University, and the University of Tokyo.
“Thermal transistors that electrically control heat flow have attracted growing attention as thermal management devices and phonon logic circuits. Although several thermal transistors are demonstrated, the use of liquid electrolytes may limit the application from the viewpoint of reliability or liquid leakage. Herein, a solid-state thermal transistor that can electrochemically control the heat flow with an on-to-off ratio of the thermal conductivity (κ) of ≈4 without using any liquid is demonstrated. The thermal transistor is a multilayer film composed of an upper electrode, strontium cobaltite (SrCoOx), solid electrolyte, and bottom electrode. An electrochemical redox treatment at 280 °C in air repeatedly modulates the crystal structure and κ of the SrCoOx layer. The fully oxidized perovskite-structured SrCoO3 layer shows a high κ ≈3 .8 W m−1 K−1, whereas the fully reduced defect perovskite-structured SrCoO2 layer shows a low κ ≈ 0.95 W m−1 K−1. The present solid-state electrochemical thermal transistor may become next-generation devices toward future thermal management technology.”
Find the open access technical paper here. Published February 2023.
Yang, Q., Cho, H. J., Bian, Z., Yoshimura, M., Lee, J., Jeen, H., Lin, J., Wei, J., Feng, B., Ikuhara, Y., Ohta, H., Solid-State Electrochemical Thermal Transistors. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2023, 2214939. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.202214939. Open Access.